The five prayers of Yom Kippur
- Tfilat Kol Nidre
- The Yom Kippur Tfilat Shema
- Tfilat Avinu Malkenu
- Vidui (Confession)*
- Tfilat Ne’ilah
*The abbreviated confession (וידוי הקטן) and the elongated confession (וידוי הגדול), with both including a list of sins that a person confesses to in the order of the alphabet; the abbreviated confession lists one sin per letter and the elongated lists two. The abbreviated confession is said as a portion of Tachanun (daily supplications) immediately following the Amidah. It is recited standing and quietly except on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur when it is customary to recite it aloud.
This formula begins “We have been guilty, we have betrayed, we have stolen, we have spoken falsely, etc.”, (“אשמנו, בגדנו, גזלנו, דיברנו דופי, וכו”).
With each confessed sin, a person touches his fist to his chest opposite his heart. The elongated confession is said only on Yom Kippur.