The¬†celebration¬†of¬†Passover,¬†in¬†the¬†Christian¬†tradition,¬†contains¬†the¬†fundamental¬†principle¬†of¬†faith¬†in¬†Jesus¬†who¬†died¬†and¬†rose¬†and¬†who¬†becomes¬†the¬†source¬†of¬†salvation¬†for¬†humanity.¬†Its¬†meaning¬†is¬†based¬†on¬†the¬†biblical¬†Passover,¬†that¬†is,¬†on¬†the¬†Passover¬†of¬†the¬†Jewish¬†people,¬†of¬†the¬†people¬†to¬†which¬†Jesus¬†belongs.¬†¬†The¬†texts¬†of¬†the¬†Gospels¬†describe¬†the¬†end¬†of¬†Jesus’¬†ministry¬†and¬†the¬†process¬†of¬†his¬†death¬†as¬†He¬†was¬†preparing¬†to¬†celebrate¬†the¬†Passover:¬†‚ÄúOn¬†the¬†first¬†day¬†of¬†unleavened¬†bread,¬†when¬†the¬†Passover¬†was¬†sacrificed,¬†his¬†disciples¬†said¬†to¬†him:¬†where¬†do¬†you¬†want¬†us¬†to¬†prepare¬†for¬†you¬†to¬†eat¬†the¬†Passover?‚Ä̬†(Mk¬†14,¬†12=Mt¬†26,¬†17);¬†‚ÄúHe¬†dawned¬†the¬†day¬†of¬†unleavened¬†bread,¬†on¬†which¬†the¬†Passover¬†was¬†to¬†be¬†sacrificed.¬†Jesus¬†sent¬†Peter¬†and¬†John,¬†saying:¬†‚ÄúGo¬†and¬†prepare¬†a¬†Passover¬†meal¬†for¬†us‚Ä̬†(Lk,¬†22,¬†7);¬†‚ÄúBefore¬†the¬†feast¬†of¬†the¬†Passover,¬†knowing¬†that¬†his¬†time¬†had¬†come¬†to¬†pass¬†from¬†this¬†world¬†to¬†the¬†Father,¬†as¬†he¬†loved¬†his¬†own¬†who¬†were¬†in¬†the¬†world,¬†he¬†loved¬†them¬†to¬†the¬†end‚Ä̬†(Jn,¬†13¬†1).¬†According¬†to¬†recent¬†studies,¬†the¬†account¬†of¬†the¬†Gospel¬†of¬†John¬†is¬†more¬†coherent¬†with¬†the¬†death¬†of¬†Jesus¬†on¬†the¬†eve¬†of¬†Easter¬†and¬†it¬†is¬†in¬†this¬†context,¬†therefore,¬†that¬†his¬†death¬†and¬†resurrection¬†assume¬†or¬†are¬†interpreted¬†according¬†to¬†the¬†symbology¬†that¬†Easter¬†bears.¬†However,¬†it¬†is¬†only¬†through¬†the¬†experience¬†of¬†the¬†resurrection¬†of¬†Jesus,¬†lived¬†by¬†the¬†group¬†of¬†his¬†followers,¬†that¬†the¬†proclamation¬†of¬†faith¬†in¬†him¬†as¬†the¬†expected¬†Messiah¬†according¬†to¬†the¬†tradition¬†of¬†his¬†people,¬†as¬†taught¬†by¬†the¬†Scriptures¬†and¬†their¬†interpretation,¬†is¬†demonstrated.¬†Therefore,¬†faith¬†in¬†Jesus,¬†the¬†Man-Jew,¬†as¬†the¬†Messiah,¬†God¬†made¬†man,¬†is¬†born¬†in¬†the¬†celebration¬†of¬†the¬†Passover¬†of¬†Jesus¬†with¬†his¬†death¬†and¬†resurrection;¬†faith¬†in¬†Jesus¬†is¬†a¬†post-Passover¬†faith.¬†The¬†understanding¬†of¬†this¬†mystery¬†–¬†the¬†death¬†and¬†resurrection¬†of¬†Jesus¬†–¬†is¬†anchored¬†in¬†the¬†context¬†of¬†biblical¬†tradition¬†(text¬†and¬†interpretation)¬†as¬†a¬†constitutive¬†part¬†of¬†the¬†identity¬†of¬†the¬†Jewish¬†people¬†throughout¬†its¬†history.¬†There¬†are¬†the¬†essential¬†elements¬†to¬†the¬†understanding¬†of¬†the¬†meaning¬†of¬†Easter¬†that¬†we¬†celebrate,¬†as¬†Christians.¬†The¬†complex¬†Jewish¬†reality,¬†with¬†its¬†religious¬†tradition¬†founded¬†on¬†the¬†texts¬†of¬†the¬†Scriptures¬†and¬†on¬†its¬†interpretive¬†oral¬†tradition,¬†is¬†like¬†a¬†sounding¬†board¬†that¬†allows¬†us¬†to¬†correctly¬†capture¬†the¬†teachings¬†in¬†the¬†name¬†of¬†Jesus¬†as¬†well¬†as¬†the¬†affirmation¬†that¬†He¬†is¬†the¬†Messiah,¬†the¬†Lamb¬†of¬†God,¬†according¬†to¬†the¬†Scriptures.¬†Paul,¬†for¬†example,¬†among¬†the¬†first¬†writings¬†of¬†the¬†New¬†Testament,¬†writing¬†a¬†few¬†years¬†after¬†the¬†experience¬†of¬†the¬†Risen¬†One¬†by¬†the¬†followers¬†of¬†Jesus,¬†justifies¬†the¬†content¬†of¬†his¬†teachings,¬†not¬†with¬†arguments¬†according¬†to¬†the¬†events¬†that¬†happened¬†with¬†Jesus,¬†but,¬†¬†¬†¬†according¬†to¬†him,¬†it¬†is¬†the¬†interpretive¬†reading¬†of¬†the¬†Scriptures¬†that¬†illuminates¬†the¬†life,¬†death¬†and¬†resurrection¬†of¬†Jesus:¬†‚ÄúI¬†handed¬†on¬†to¬†you¬†first¬†of¬†all¬†what¬†I¬†myself¬†had¬†received:¬†that¬†Christ¬†died¬†for¬†our¬†sins¬†according¬†to¬†the¬†Scriptures;¬†he¬†was¬†buried,¬†resurrected¬†on¬†the¬†third¬†day,¬†according¬†to¬†the¬†Scriptures‚Ä̬†(I¬†Cor¬†15:3-4).¬†The¬†Church,¬†since¬†the¬†Second¬†Vatican¬†Council,¬†has¬†been¬†insisting¬†in¬†its¬†documents¬†and¬†teachings¬†on¬†the¬†need¬†for¬†an¬†in-depth¬†knowledge¬†of¬†biblical¬†Judaism,¬†the¬†Judaism¬†of¬†the¬†period¬†of¬†Jesus¬†Christ¬†and¬†the¬†same¬†Judaism¬†alive¬†until¬†our¬†days,¬†as¬†an¬†essential¬†source¬†for¬†the¬†knowledge¬†of¬†faith.¬†Firstly,¬†the¬†expression¬†comes¬†from¬†the¬†Hebrew¬†Pessah¬†which¬†means¬†to¬†pass¬†or¬†to¬†jump.¬†It¬†can¬†also¬†be¬†understood¬†as¬†moving¬†from¬†one¬†situation¬†to¬†another.¬†The¬†fundamental¬†text¬†on¬†the¬†origin¬†of¬†the¬†Passover¬†is¬†in¬†the¬†book¬†of¬†Exodus¬†chapter¬†12¬†in¬†which¬†it¬†describes¬†the¬†celebration¬†of¬†the¬†Passover¬†of¬†the¬†Hebrew¬†people¬†as¬†they¬†prepare¬†to¬†be¬†taken¬†out¬†of¬†Egypt¬†by¬†God,¬†guided¬†by¬†Moses.¬†The¬†Jewish¬†People¬†lived¬†a¬†reality¬†of¬†slavery,¬†dominated¬†by¬†Pharaoh.¬†God¬†intervenes¬†to¬†free¬†his¬†people¬†from¬†this¬†reality¬†of¬†suffering,¬†from¬†death¬†to¬†freedom¬†and¬†to¬†life.¬†Here¬†are¬†some¬†of¬†the¬†most¬†important¬†verses¬†for¬†understanding¬†the¬†topic,¬†but¬†the¬†entire¬†chapter¬†must¬†be¬†kept¬†in¬†mind:¬†¬†1¬†‚ÄúThe¬†Lord¬†spoke¬†to¬†Moses¬†and¬†Aaron¬†in¬†the¬†country¬†of¬†Egypt.¬†2¬†He¬†said,¬†‚ÄėThis¬†month¬†will¬†be¬†the¬†first¬†month¬†of¬†each¬†year¬†for¬†you.¬†3¬†Tell¬†all¬†the¬†Israelite¬†people¬†to¬†do¬†this¬†on¬†the¬†tenth¬†day¬†of¬†this¬†month:¬†Each¬†man¬†must¬†choose¬†a¬†lamb¬†to¬†kill¬†as¬†a¬†sacrifice¬†for¬†his¬†family.¬†That¬†will¬†be¬†one¬†lamb¬†for¬†each¬†home…¬†7¬†They¬†must¬†take¬†some¬†of¬†its¬†blood.¬†They¬†must¬†put¬†the¬†blood¬†on¬†the¬†wood¬†that¬†is¬†round¬†the¬†door¬†of¬†their¬†house.¬†They¬†must¬†put¬†it¬†on¬†each¬†side¬†of¬†the¬†door¬†and¬†above¬†the¬†door.¬†They¬†must¬†do¬†this¬†in¬†every¬†house¬†where¬†they¬†will¬†eat¬†a¬†lamb.¬†8¬†That¬†night,¬†they¬†must¬†cook¬†the¬†meat¬†over¬†the¬†fire.¬†They¬†must¬†eat¬†it¬†immediately,¬†with¬†bitter¬†herbs¬†and¬†with¬†bread¬†that¬†has¬†no¬†yeast¬†in¬†it.¬†‚Ķ¬†13¬†When¬†you¬†put¬†the¬†blood¬†round¬†the¬†doors¬†of¬†your¬†houses,¬†that¬†will¬†be¬†a¬†sign¬†to¬†show¬†that¬†you¬†live¬†there.¬†When¬†I¬†see¬†the¬†blood¬†on¬†your¬†house,¬†I¬†will¬†pass¬†over¬†you.¬†No¬†trouble¬†will¬†hurt¬†you,¬†when¬†I¬†attack¬†the¬†people¬†of¬†Egypt.¬†14¬†In¬†future¬†years,¬†you¬†must¬†remember¬†this¬†day¬†as¬†a¬†special¬†day¬†every¬†year.¬†It¬†will¬†be¬†a¬†festival¬†when¬†you¬†worship¬†me,¬†the¬†Lord.¬†You¬†and¬†your¬†descendants¬†must¬†do¬†this¬†every¬†year,¬†for¬†all¬†time‚Ķ¬†17¬†This¬†will¬†be¬†the¬†Feast¬†of¬†Flat¬†Bread,¬†when¬†you¬†eat¬†bread¬†with¬†no¬†yeast¬†in¬†it.¬†You¬†will¬†remember¬†that¬†I¬†brought¬†you¬†all¬†out¬†of¬†the¬†country¬†of¬†Egypt¬†on¬†this¬†day.¬†You¬†marched¬†out¬†like¬†an¬†army,¬†family¬†by¬†family!¬†That¬†is¬†why¬†you¬†must¬†enjoy¬†this¬†day¬†as¬†a¬†special¬†day,¬†for¬†all¬†time.¬†This¬†is¬†a¬†rule¬†that¬†you¬†must¬†always¬†obey‚Ķ¬†20¬†Eat¬†nothing¬†that¬†has¬†yeast¬†in¬†it.¬†Whatever¬†country¬†you¬†live¬†in,¬†you¬†must¬†eat¬†bread¬†without¬†yeast¬†in¬†it¬†‚Ķ¬†24¬†You¬†must¬†obey¬†these¬†rules¬†always,¬†both¬†you¬†and¬†your¬†descendants,¬†for¬†all¬†time¬†‚Ķ¬†¬†26¬†Your¬†children¬†may¬†say¬†to¬†you,¬†‚ÄúWhat¬†does¬†this¬†feast¬†mean?‚Ä̬†27¬†Then¬†you¬†must¬†say¬†to¬†them,¬†‚ÄúIt¬†is¬†the¬†Lord’s¬†Passover¬†sacrifice.¬†The¬†Lord¬†passed¬†over¬†the¬†houses¬†of¬†the¬†Israelites¬†when¬†they¬†were¬†in¬†Egypt.¬†He¬†killed¬†the¬†Egyptians¬†but¬†he¬†saved¬†our¬†families¬†‚Ķ¬†47¬†All¬†the¬†Israelites¬†must¬†enjoy¬†the¬†feast¬†together.‚Ä̬†Secondly,¬†the¬†feast¬†of¬†Passover¬†is¬†celebrated¬†on¬†the¬†14th¬†of¬†Nissan,¬†the¬†first¬†month¬†of¬†the¬†year¬†which¬†corresponds¬†to¬†the¬†beginning¬†of¬†the¬†spring¬†season¬†in¬†the¬†region¬†of¬†Israel.¬†It’s¬†time¬†for¬†abundance,¬†flowers¬†and¬†the¬†beginning¬†of¬†harvests,¬†so¬†it’s¬†time¬†for¬†blessings¬†and¬†new¬†life.¬†The¬†Bible¬†did¬†not¬†invent¬†this¬†practice;¬†the¬†people¬†of¬†Israel¬†assumed¬†a¬†widespread¬†practice¬†among¬†the¬†surrounding¬†peoples¬†and¬†gave¬†it¬†its¬†own¬†theological¬†and¬†monotheistic¬†meaning.¬†The¬†biblical¬†text¬†sets¬†some¬†principles¬†for¬†the¬†celebration¬†of¬†the¬†feast:¬†on¬†the¬†14th¬†of¬†Nissan,¬†for¬†7¬†days;¬†offer¬†the¬†lamb¬†as¬†a¬†sacrifice;¬†do¬†not¬†eat¬†anything¬†that¬†contains¬†yeast,¬†Matzah,¬†bread¬†without¬†yeast;¬†it¬†is¬†a¬†feast¬†to¬†be¬†celebrated¬†from¬†generation¬†to¬†generation.¬†On¬†the¬†14th¬†of¬†Nissan,¬†the¬†days¬†become¬†longer¬†than¬†the¬†nights;¬†light¬†conquers¬†darkness.¬†The¬†14th¬†of¬†Nissan¬†is¬†also¬†the¬†day¬†of¬†the¬†full¬†moon,¬†symbolically¬†it¬†is¬†understood¬†that¬†the¬†light¬†of¬†God¬†illuminates¬†all¬†creation,¬†there¬†is¬†no¬†more¬†darkness.¬†There¬†is¬†a¬†new¬†creation,¬†without¬†darkness.¬†As¬†Zechariah¬†says:¬†‚ÄúThere¬†will¬†be¬†one¬†day¬†‚Ästthe¬†Lord¬†knows¬†‚Ästwithout¬†day¬†and¬†without¬†night,¬†but¬†in¬†the¬†evening,¬†there¬†will¬†be¬†light‚Ä̬†(Zac¬†14:7).¬†Thirdly,¬†the¬†commandment¬†not¬†to¬†eat¬†fermented¬†foods¬†is¬†an¬†invitation¬†to¬†recognise¬†the¬†creature¬†before¬†God¬†and¬†refers¬†to¬†suffering,¬†the¬†misery¬†of¬†existence.¬†On¬†the¬†other¬†hand,¬†leaven¬†means¬†pride;¬†the¬†leaven¬†makes¬†it¬†grow,¬†it¬†is¬†the¬†attitude¬†of¬†pride.¬†That’s¬†the¬†reason¬†for¬†cleaning¬†the¬†house¬†completely¬†to¬†get¬†rid¬†of¬†yeast.¬†It¬†is¬†a¬†pedagogical¬†exercise¬†in¬†preparation¬†for¬†the¬†feast¬†of¬†the¬†Lord,¬†without¬†arrogance,¬†malice,¬†but¬†celebrating¬†it¬†like¬†unleavened¬†bread.¬†Paul¬†makes¬†reference¬†to¬†this¬†in¬†his¬†letter¬†to¬†the¬†Corinthians¬†when¬†he¬†interprets¬†Christ¬†as¬†Passover¬†and¬†asks¬†his¬†followers¬†to¬†be¬†like¬†Matzah:¬†‚ÄúThe¬†reason¬†for¬†your¬†boasting¬†is¬†not¬†beautiful!¬†Know¬†ye¬†not¬†that¬†a¬†little¬†leaven¬†leavens¬†the¬†whole¬†lump?¬†Cleanse¬†yourselves¬†from¬†the¬†old¬†leaven,¬†that¬†you¬†may¬†be¬†a¬†new¬†lump,¬†for¬†you¬†are¬†unleavened¬†bread,¬†because¬†Christ,¬†our¬†Passover,¬†was¬†sacrificed.¬†Let¬†us¬†therefore¬†celebrate¬†the¬†feast,¬†not¬†with¬†old¬†leaven,¬†nor¬†with¬†the¬†leaven¬†of¬†malice¬†and¬†corruption,¬†but¬†with¬†the¬†unfermented¬†bread¬†of¬†purity¬†and¬†truth‚Ä̬†(I¬†Cor¬†5:6-8).¬†Fourthly,¬†the¬†Passover¬†lamb¬†takes¬†on¬†a¬†special¬†meaning.¬†God¬†asks¬†the¬†people¬†to¬†separate¬†one¬†lamb¬†per¬†family.¬†To¬†separate¬†means¬†sacred¬†(Kadosh),¬†set¬†apart¬†for¬†God.¬†The¬†lamb¬†will¬†be¬†consumed¬†in¬†the¬†family¬†and¬†its¬†blood¬†must¬†be¬†pasted¬†on¬†the¬†doorposts¬†of¬†each¬†family¬†of¬†Hebrews.¬†In¬†the¬†tenth¬†plague,¬†when¬†God¬†will¬†pass¬†by¬†to¬†smite¬†the¬†firstborn¬†in¬†Egypt¬†and¬†see¬†the¬†blood¬†on¬†the¬†gates¬†He¬†will¬†jump¬†(Pessah):¬†‚ÄúBut¬†the¬†blood¬†will¬†be¬†a¬†sign¬†for¬†you¬†on¬†the¬†houses¬†where¬†you¬†are:¬†when¬†I¬†see¬†the¬†blood,¬†I¬†will¬†pass¬†on¬†and¬†there¬†will¬†be¬†no¬†destructive¬†scourge¬†among¬†you¬†when¬†I¬†strike¬†the¬†land¬†of¬†Egypt‚Ä̬†(Ex¬†12:13).¬†The¬†sacrifice¬†of¬†the¬†lamb,¬†therefore,¬†saves¬†the¬†people¬†from¬†death.¬†This¬†account¬†will¬†be¬†the¬†basis¬†of¬†the¬†practice¬†introduced¬†in¬†the¬†Temple¬†period;¬†it¬†was¬†certainly¬†a¬†practice¬†in¬†the¬†Second¬†Temple.¬†On¬†the¬†occasion¬†of¬†the¬†pilgrimage¬†feast¬†of¬†Pessah,¬†every¬†year,¬†the¬†act¬†of¬†saving¬†the¬†people¬†through¬†the¬†sacrifice¬†of¬†the¬†lamb¬†was¬†commemorated,¬†thus¬†symbolising¬†the¬†victory¬†over¬†death.¬†All¬†these¬†elements¬†and¬†requirements¬†mentioned¬†in¬†the¬†book¬†of¬†Exodus¬†will¬†be¬†celebrated¬†from¬†generation¬†to¬†generation,¬†they¬†are¬†perpetual¬†decrees.¬†This¬†act¬†of¬†making¬†the¬†memory¬†is¬†well¬†exposed¬†in¬†the¬†text¬†of¬†the¬†Haggadah¬†of¬†Pessah,¬†which¬†is¬†the¬†text¬†(narrative)¬†used¬†for¬†the¬†liturgy¬†of¬†the¬†night¬†of¬†Pessah,¬†containing¬†the¬†reading¬†of¬†the¬†story¬†of¬†the¬†liberation¬†of¬†the¬†people¬†of¬†Israel¬†from¬†Egypt¬†as¬†described¬†in¬†the¬†book¬†of¬†Exodus.¬†The¬†text¬†reads:¬†‚ÄúAt¬†all¬†times,¬†each¬†of¬†us¬†has¬†the¬†duty¬†to¬†consider¬†himself¬†as¬†if¬†he¬†had¬†come¬†out¬†of¬†Egypt,¬†as¬†it¬†is¬†said:¬†‘In¬†that¬†day¬†thus¬†shalt¬†thou¬†say¬†to¬†thy¬†son,¬†behold¬†what¬†the¬†Lord¬†did¬†for¬†me,¬†when¬†I¬†left¬†Egypt’.¬†It¬†is¬†in¬†this¬†vision¬†that¬†the¬†Lord¬†acted¬†for¬†me¬†when¬†I¬†came¬†out¬†of¬†Egypt’¬†(Ex¬†13:8).¬†That¬†is¬†why¬†we¬†have¬†a¬†duty¬†to¬†thank,¬†sing,¬†praise,¬†glorify,¬†extol,¬†celebrate¬†and¬†bless¬†the¬†One¬†who¬†did,¬†for¬†our¬†ancestors¬†and¬†for¬†us,¬†all¬†these¬†miracles.¬†He¬†led¬†us¬†from¬†slavery¬†to¬†freedom,¬†from¬†anguish¬†to¬†joy,¬†from¬†mourning¬†to¬†celebration,¬†from¬†darkness¬†to¬†light,¬†from¬†slavery¬†to¬†freedom.¬†Let’s¬†sing¬†in¬†his¬†honour,¬†hallelujah.‚Ä̬†This¬†means¬†that¬†Israel¬†throughout¬†history¬†will¬†remember,¬†update¬†all¬†these¬†gestures,¬†making¬†them¬†present¬†and¬†alive¬†in¬†each¬†celebration.¬†The¬†Gospel¬†of¬†Luke¬†confirms¬†this¬†practice¬†when¬†it¬†mentions¬†that¬†Jesus¬†and¬†his¬†parents¬†did¬†this¬†every¬†year:¬†‚ÄúHis¬†parents¬†went¬†to¬†Jerusalem¬†every¬†year¬†for¬†the¬†Passover¬†feast‚Ä̬†(Lk¬†2:41).¬†Jesus¬†is¬†part¬†of¬†this¬†practice¬†of¬†making¬†the¬†memory,¬†that¬†is,¬†of¬†updating¬†events,¬†assuming¬†the¬†meaning¬†of¬†the¬†sacrifice¬†of¬†the¬†lamb¬†(of¬†God)¬†that¬†is¬†set¬†apart¬†for¬†God,¬†as¬†a¬†source¬†of¬†new¬†life.¬†Another¬†important¬†element¬†must¬†be¬†mentioned¬†about¬†the¬†lamb.¬†In¬†the¬†institution¬†of¬†Easter,¬†when¬†eating¬†the¬†lamb,¬†the¬†text¬†says:¬†‚ÄúYou¬†shall¬†not¬†break¬†a¬†bone‚Ä̬†(Ex¬†12:46).¬†The¬†tradition¬†of¬†Israel¬†will¬†interpret¬†this¬†commandment¬†as¬†the¬†symbol¬†of¬†the¬†lamb¬†that¬†remains¬†intact,¬†the¬†perfect¬†victim¬†to¬†be¬†immolated,¬†being¬†a¬†model¬†of¬†the¬†Messiah¬†who¬†will¬†come¬†at¬†the¬†end¬†of¬†time¬†and¬†whose¬†sacrifice¬†will¬†be¬†definitive¬†of¬†the¬†final¬†Redemption.¬†As¬†seen¬†earlier,¬†the¬†texts¬†of¬†the¬†New¬†Testament¬†place¬†the¬†event¬†of¬†Jesus’¬†death¬†at¬†the¬†time¬†of¬†the¬†celebration¬†of¬†Pessah¬†and¬†it¬†is¬†understood¬†from¬†this¬†that¬†Jesus¬†died¬†the¬†moment¬†that¬†precedes¬†the¬†beginning¬†of¬†the¬†celebration¬†of¬†Pessah,¬†given¬†that¬†in¬†the¬†Pessah¬†days¬†the¬†judgment¬†process¬†as¬†it¬†is¬†presented¬†would¬†not¬†be¬†possible,¬†as¬†well¬†as¬†the¬†required¬†care¬†would¬†not¬†be¬†possible¬†during¬†Pessah.¬†John¬†says:¬†‚ÄúHe¬†who¬†has¬†seen¬†bears¬†witness,¬†and¬†his¬†witness¬†is¬†true;¬†and¬†he¬†knows¬†that¬†he¬†is¬†telling¬†the¬†truth,¬†so¬†that¬†you¬†also¬†may¬†believe,¬†for¬†this¬†happened¬†to¬†fulfil¬†the¬†scripture:¬†‘No¬†bone¬†will¬†be¬†broken¬†in¬†him’‚Ä̬†(19:35-36).¬†The¬†context¬†describes¬†precisely¬†the¬†celebration¬†of¬†the¬†Pessah¬†that¬†Jesus¬†was¬†preparing¬†to¬†celebrate¬†and¬†the¬†quotation¬†for¬†its¬†fulfilment¬†and¬†Scripture¬†are¬†precisely¬†from¬†the¬†founding¬†text¬†of¬†the¬†feast¬†of¬†the¬†Pessah:¬†Exodus¬†12,¬†46.¬†John,¬†therefore,¬†interprets¬†the¬†lamb¬†that¬†was¬†sacrificed¬†at¬†Pessah¬†as¬†being¬†Jesus¬†himself¬†and¬†Jesus’¬†death¬†takes¬†place¬†at¬†the¬†moment¬†of¬†the¬†immolation¬†of¬†the¬†lamb¬†on¬†the¬†Pessah¬†feast.¬†His¬†statement¬†that¬†‘no¬†bone¬†was¬†broken¬†in¬†him‘¬†means¬†that¬†the¬†victim¬†for¬†the¬†sacrifice¬†is¬†perfect,¬†is¬†the¬†slain¬†Lamb¬†of¬†God,¬†He¬†is¬†the¬†awaited¬†true¬†Messiah.¬†That¬†is¬†why¬†the¬†(last)¬†Pessah¬†that¬†Jesus¬†celebrated¬†according¬†to¬†the¬†tradition¬†of¬†his¬†people,¬†signifying¬†the¬†passage¬†from¬†death¬†to¬†life,¬†from¬†sadness¬†to¬†joy,¬†from¬†slavery¬†to¬†freedom,¬†will¬†be¬†fully¬†assumed¬†in¬†the¬†death¬†and¬†resurrection¬†of¬†Jesus¬†as¬†the¬†definitive¬†Pessah,¬†the¬†eschatological¬†Pessah.¬†The¬†blood¬†of¬†the¬†lamb¬†that¬†saves¬†the¬†Hebrews¬†from¬†death¬†in¬†Egypt¬†is¬†now¬†the¬†blood¬†of¬†the¬†lamb¬†of¬†God¬†that¬†extends¬†salvation¬†to¬†all¬†mankind.¬†The¬†experience¬†of¬†Pessah¬†lived¬†by¬†the¬†people¬†of¬†Israel,¬†as¬†freedom,¬†new¬†life,¬†new¬†time,¬†now,¬†through¬†Jesus¬†death¬†and¬†risen,¬†is¬†offered¬†to¬†all¬†humanity;¬†in¬†Jesus¬†all¬†humanity¬†makes¬†the¬†transition¬†from¬†death¬†to¬†life.¬†Therefore,¬†the¬†definitive¬†Pessah¬†proclaimed¬†from¬†the¬†experience¬†of¬†faith¬†in¬†the¬†risen¬†Jesus¬†lived¬†by¬†his¬†disciples¬†does¬†not¬†invalidate¬†or¬†replace¬†the¬†Jewish¬†Pessah,¬†on¬†the¬†contrary,¬†the¬†Christian¬†Passover¬†can¬†assume¬†its¬†full¬†meaning¬†only¬†when¬†understood¬†from¬†within¬†the¬†meaning¬†of¬†Jewish¬†Pessah.¬†¬†¬†May¬†the¬†life¬†that¬†comes¬†from¬†God¬†and¬†that¬†continues¬†with¬†Him¬†be¬†celebrated¬†by¬†all¬†humanity!¬†